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Cuba General Information

General basic information about Cuba

First Timers to Cuba

For you first timers traveling to Cuba we've made a special page full with information and links to the right pages

First timers to Cuba information

Cuba Travelers Information

The Weather in Cuba

Dec, Jan & Feb

Sun and some cloudsSunny some clouds and rainClouds and rain

About 21C - 69.8F and 27C - 80.6F
This month can be chilly at night so bring some sweaters. You will be not the first one who will enjoy a full week of rain ... BUT ... noting is so uncertain as the weather in Cuba in this month.
March, Apr & May

Sun

About 26C - 78.8F and 30C - 86F
Best period to visit Cuba, nice temperature, no rain, no humidity

June
Hurricane Season

Sun and some cloudsSunny some clouds and rain

About 27C - 80.6F and 31C - 87.8F
It gets warmer and more humid, but still nice and not too much rain

July

Hurricane Season

SunHotSun rain and thunder

About 30C - 86F and 32C - 89.6F
Rainy season which means, very humid and at the end of the day a rainy shower of 2 hours

August
Hurricane Season

SunHotSun rain and thunder

About 30C - 86F and 34C - 93.2F
Rainy season which means, very humid and at the end of the day a rainy shower of 2 hours

September
Hurricane Season

SunSun rain and thunder

About 27C - 80.6F and 31C - 87.8F
Rainy season which means, very humid and at the end of the day a rainy shower of 2 hours

Oct & Nov
Hurricane Season

Sun and some cloudsSunny some clouds and rain

About 26C - 78.8F and 30C - 86F
The month of hurricanes, but do not worry, there is still a bigger change to win a lotery than getting stucked in a hurricane. Hurricane season starts half June till the end of November

 

General Cuba Information

The Cuban archipelago is in the eastern Caribbean, at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico, 87 miles (140 km) from the Bahamas, 91 miles (146 km) from Jamaica, 112 miles (180 km) from Florida and 130 miles (210 km) from Cancun.

- Land area: 42,827 square miles (110,922 square km)
- Dimensions: Cuba, the largest island, is 744 miles (1200 km) long and between 130 and 22 miles (210 and 35 km) wide.
- Population: Over 11 million
- Capital: Havana, with over 2.1 million inhabitants. The country has 14 provinces, 169 municipalities and a special municipality: The Isle of Youth (Isla de Juventud)
- Language: Spanish
- Average annual relative humidity: 78 percent
- Average annual temperature: 77.9 F (25.5 C)
- Time zone: Eastern Standard Time, with Daylight Saving Time from March to October.

Some Geographic Features: Most of Cuba is covered with plains, but there are four important mountain groups: the Guaniguanico Range, in the center of the country; and, in the east, the Sagua-Baracoa and Sierra Maestra Mountains (17 of these peaks are more than 4265 feet (1300 meters) above the sea level; Turquino Peak is the highest, at 6476 feet (1974) above the sea level).

There are over 300 protected areas in the country, either on its insular shelf or on terra firma. They cover 22 persent of its total area.

UNESCO has declared six areas in Cuba to be preserves of the biosphere (the Guanahacabibes Peninsula, the Sierra del Rosario Mountains and the Zapata Peninsula, in the western part of the country; Buenavista, in the center; Alexander von Humboldt National Park and Baconao Park and the Cuchillas del Toa Mountains, in eastern Cuba).

There is a wealth of flora and fauna with a high degree of preservation: 6300 species of flora (more than half of which are endemic) and 13,000 of fauna-96 percent of the land snails are endemic, as are 90 percent of the amphibians and 40 percent of the mammals. There are no large predators, no animals which constitute threats to man and no poisonous species of snakes.

Cuba Events

January

  • 1 - Liberationday
  • Feria Internacional de Artesanias, Pabexpo, Havana. Kind of International fair

 

February
  • First 2 weeks - Jornadas de la Cultura Camagneyana (Camaguey)
  • End - Carnival in Habana (Havana)
  • Every second year - Habana International Jazz Festival (Havana)
  • First half of Feb. - Feria Internacional del Libro, Fortaleza de San Carlos. A book fair. (Havana)

 

March

  • Festival de Monogolos y Unipersonales (Havana), A competion for actors, writers, producers and dancers, from the whole country. Some foreigners are also giving monologues.
  • Taller Internacional de Teatro de Titeres (Matanzas), Performances of the most important puppet theatres, with seminars, acts and workshops.

 

April
  • Semana de la Cultura (Baracoa)
  • Electro-acoustic Music Festival Varadero
  • La Huela de Espana (Havana), Gran Teatro de la Habana en Castillo de la Real Fuerza. A Festival for Cuban/Spanish Culture, concerts, classical dance, Flamenco and Theatre.
  • Taller Internacional de Teatro de Titeres (Matanzas), Performances of the most important puppet theatres, with seminars, acts and workshops.
  • Festival Internacional de Percusion (Havana), Concerts, courses, readings and documentairies about Cuban percussion instruments.
  • 1-15 Bienal del Humor de San Antonio de los Banos, Museo del Humor, San Antonio de los Banos. Fetival of humor, with exhibitions, readings and performances.
  • Festival de Arte Danzario (Havana and Camaguey), Festival for all kind of dancing, Readings, seminars and workshops, the teachers and dancers will be Cuban and from other countries.
  • Los Dias de la Danza, Festival of performing Cuban dance groups. May 29, the International day of dancing, is the day the Premio Nacional de la Danza, a nacional reward, will be hand out in the Teatro Mella Havana.

 

May

  • 1 - Primero de Mayo (Labor Day), Meetings, parades, processions trough the whole country. The most important will take place in Havana at the Plaza de la Revolution.
  • First week - Romería de Mayo (Holguin)
  • Half May - Fierro Internacional del Disco Cubadisco, (International music album fair in Pabexpo Havana).
  • Festival de Arte Danzario (Havana and Camaguey), Festival for all kind of dancing, Readings, seminars and workshops, the teachers and dancers will be Cuban and from other countries.
  • Fiesta Nacional de la Danza (Santa Clara), The best dancers will perform through the whole province. The festival will end with a big party in Santa Clara.

 

June

  • End - Fiestas Sanjuaneras (Trinidad)
  • Festival of Caribbean Culture
  • Half June - Festival de Boleros de Oro (Santiago, Moron, Havana), Concerts of the best Cuban and foreign Bolero singers, readings as well.
  • 1 till 15 - Encuentro de Bandas de Concierto (Plaza de la Revolution, Bayamo) Performances of National and International bands. Readings, workshops.
  • End of June - Fiesta del Gallo (Moron), Parades in the sign of the rooster, the symbol of the city.
  • Every other year at the end of June - Jornada Cucalambeana, Encuentro Festival Iberoamericano de la Decima (Las Tunas), Most important festival of the Rural Cuban Culture. Concerts and performances of poets, musicians and repentistas (impromptu). Readings and litarairy meetings, exhibitions of local activitie and theatre.
  • Carnaval in Havana, a parade of decorated cars driving from Hotel Nacional to Calle Belascoain and music performances of comparsas (prosession group who prepare this the whole year). During the weekends free concerts at the Piragua.

 

July

  • Last week - Carnival santiago de Cuba, Parade of decorated cars through the streets of the city, music of comparsas and a show of the Tropicana at Santiago.
  • 25-27 July - Celebration of the National Rebellion, every year in a different city. The official tribute because of the Moncada barrack attacks at July 26 1953. Fidel Castro will always speech at one of the Revoltion Squares in a Cuban city. Lots of concerts etc around the country.
  • Festival de Titere (Havana) puppet festival in Havana Vieja
  • Fiesta del Fuego (Santiago de Cuba)
  • Festival Internacional de Musica Contemporanea de Camaguey, Big festival about todays music, with concerts, workgroups and a roundtable for discussions about Cuban music en foreign composers.

 

August
  • 13 August Fidel Castros birthday (1926)
  • End of August, ones in 2 years - Festival Internacional de Musica Popular "Beny More" (Cienfuegos) Festival of the popular Cuban music and its most important representatives, with readings etc about Beny More.

 

September

  • 8 - Festa de la Virgin del Cobre (Santiago de Cuba)
  • Second half of September - Festival de Teatro de la Habana, 2 times a year event with performances of dance, opera, puppettheatre, streetacts and pantamime.
  • Metamoros Son (Santiago), Festival of Son, 2 years event.
  • Festival de Teatro de Camaguey, National Theatre competition, a tribute to Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda.

 

October
  • 10 October - Day of Cuban Culture
  • Havana Festival of Contemporary Music Trinidad (10 days)
  • Second half of Oct. - Fiesta de la Cultura Iberoamericana (Holguin) Festival about the Spanish culture with concerts, exhibitions, readings and festivals.
  • Second half of Oct. - Festival Internacional de Ballet de la Habana, Teatro Garcia Lorca Havana. A wide open view on classical ballet, organised by the Ballet Nacional de Cuba.

 

November

  • End - Semana de la Cultura Trinitaria Trinidad
  • Salon de Arte Cubano Contemporeano, Centro Desarrollo de las Artes Visuales, Havana (twice a year). A expo competition of modern art with rewards to win. Next to this expo,, discussions and readings.
  • Festejos de San Cristobal de la Habana
  • Festval International de Coros, Sala Dolores, Teatro Heredia (Santiago de Cuba)
  • Second half of Nov. - Festival de Raices Africanas "Wemilere", Guanabacoa. African parties.
  • Festival Cubadanzon, Teatro Sauto, Matanzas. Performances of danzon orchestras and dancers, courses and trades

 

December
  • First half of Dec. - Festival Internacional Nuevo Cine Latinoamericano (ICAIC) International Festival of Latin American Film Habana. The most important Cuban movie festival with lots of foreign famous people. The cinemas show the newest Latin American movies.
  • First half of Dec. - Fiesta Guantanamera, Guantanamo. Demonstrations en readings about Afro Cuban religions.
  • Dec 17 - Dia de San Lazaro, Santiago de las Vegas, El Rincon. Religious Cubans go to the church of Rincon....a lot from far away by feet.
  • 8 till 24 - Parrandas di Remedios. Cuba's most popular nacional party.

 

 

 

 

 

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